Former President Barack Obama: ‘Think before you tweet’

Former President Barack Obama: ‘Think before you tweet’

When former President Barack Obama spoke to a leadership forum in India’s capital on Friday, he never once used the words “Donald Trump” and was careful to avoid any direct reference to his successor in the White House.

Yet Obama made plenty of veiled references, from climate change to the perils of using Twitter. The responses often drew laughter from the audience at the Hindustan Times Leadership Summit, which was part of a three-country tour Obama is undertaking in one of his first global outings as a private citizen after leaving office.

Here’s what Obama had to say:



Obama said he uses spellcheck and punctuation.

“Which my daughters think is odd. They were explaining to us how if you put a period at the end of a sentence it sounds harsh. I said, ‘No, that’s English. That’s how you know the thought is finished.'”

He said he sees people getting in trouble for their tweets, and says they should follow the old advice of thinking before you speak: “Think before you tweet,” Obama said. “Same principle.”

He said social media is a powerful tool, for both good and ill. “And look, I’ve got 100 million Twitter followers. I actually have more than other people who use it more often.”

(For the record, Obama has 97 million Twitter followers and Trump has 44 million).



Obama said he could have a debate about climate change with people who said fossil fuels were necessary for growth in poorer nations like India or people who said humans should adapt. But he said he couldn’t debate with people who claimed it wasn’t real.

“If you’re saying it’s a hoax, then there’s no way for us to bridge our differences in a constructive way,” Obama said.

Trump has previously called climate change a hoax.

Obama praised India for helping forge the Paris climate agreement, which he signed last year but which Trump said he planned to withdraw from.

“It’s an agreement, even though we have a little bit of a pause in American leadership, that is giving our children a fighting chance,” Obama said.



Obama said politicians usually reflect public opinion.

“And so if you see a politician doing things that are questionable, one of the things as a citizen is to ask yourself ‘Am I encouraging, or supporting or giving license to the values I’m hearing out of the politician?'” Obama said. “Because frankly, politicians tend to be more of a mirror and more of a reflection of forces in the society.”



Obama was asked if Pakistan was hiding Osama bin Laden or was unaware of his presence and therefore incompetent ahead of the U.S. raid in May 2011 that killed the al-Qaida leader at his compound.

“We had no evidence that the Pakistan government was aware of bin Laden’s presence there,” Obama said. “That is something, obviously, that we looked at. I will leave it to you to characterize beyond what I just said.”



Obama was asked who reflected the real America, Donald Duck or Donald Trump?

Obama didn’t answer directly. He said Americans could often be kind and noble, and at other times cruel and shortsighted.

“It is just this cacophony of life. And it throws up all kinds of variety,” he said. “And there are political trends in America that I don’t agree with or abide by, but I recognize as part of a running thread in American life.”

He said he took heart from the fact that the trend lines of America and the world were heading in the right direction when it came to inclusion, health, education, equality and kindness.

He said that despite the bad news people hear every day, that when it came to having a good life, right now was the best moment to be born in all of human history.

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Ex-US Marine gets life for murder and rape of Okinawa woman

Ex-US Marine gets life for murder and rape of Okinawa woman

A Japanese court on Friday convicted a U.S. military contractor of murder and rape charges in the death of an Okinawa woman and sentenced him to life in prison.

The Naha District Court also found Kenneth Shinzato, a former Marine, guilty of abandoning the victim’s body, court officials said. The 20-year-old woman was found in the forest in May, three weeks after she disappeared while taking a walk.

Shinzato was accused of hitting the woman in the head with a club, intending to rape her and stabbing her to death in the neck with a knife. He pleaded guilty to the charges of rape resulting in death and abandoning of the body, but denied murder intent.

Judge Toshihiro Shibata upheld prosecutors’ demand for life imprisonment, saying there was no room for leniency, Kyodo News reported.

The case sparked outrage on the southern Japanese island where residents have long complained about heavy U.S. military presence and crimes linked to them. The anger led to a bilateral pact limiting immunity from Japanese prosecution for civilian workers at American bases.

Okinawa has also protested a contentious plan to relocate a Marine Corps air station in the crowded neighborhood of Futenma to a less-populated part of the island. The plan developed after a military aircraft accident near the current base and the 1995 rape of a girl by three American servicemen enraged Okinawans, but has since made little progress due to protests. Opponents want the air station completely removed from the island.

Half of about 50,000 American troops stationed in Japan are on Okinawa.

The U.S. military says the crime rate among its ranks in Japan is lower than among the general public.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s government wants Japan to play a greater military role internationally and in Japan-U.S. security alliance amid escalating missile and nuclear threats from North Korea.


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Furious British lawmakers call for canceling Trump UK invite over retweeted videos

Furious British lawmakers call for canceling Trump UK invite over retweeted videos

Outraged U.K. lawmakers joined Prime Minister Theresa May in condemning President Donald Trump’s retweets of unverified inflammatory anti-Muslim videos shared by extreme right-wing group Britain First.

“Wouldn’t the world be a better place if the prime minister could persuade the president of the United States to delete his Twitter account?” Peter Bone, a Conservative Party member of Parliament, told his colleagues, some of whom want May to rescind her invitation to Trump for a state visit.

May, speaking to reporters today in Amman, Jordan, said, “Britain First is a hateful organization. It seeks to sow division and hate and mistrust in our communities. It stands in opposition to our fundamental values we hold as a country.”

“British Muslims are peaceful, law-abiding citizens who have themselves been victims of acts of terrorism by the far right,” she continued.

The U.K. is committed to fighting “the threat of terrorism and threat of extremism from whatever source it comes,” May added.

She emphasized that the relationship with the U.S. remains strong. “Let me be clear about the relationship between the United Kingdom and the United States. This is a long-term special relationship that we have. It’s an enduring relationship that is there because it is in both our national interests for that relationship to be there.

“But,” she added, “the fact that we work together does not mean that we’re afraid to say when we think that the United States has got it wrong … and I’m very clear that retweeting from Britain First was the wrong thing to do.”

The press corps in the room applauded.

Asked about a future Trump state visit to the U.K., she said, “An invitation has been extended and accepted. We have yet to set a date.”

As the questions kept coming, she told reporters, “I have absolute confidence that members of my Cabinet will not be retweeting material from Britain First.”

Her comments followed a fiery urgent-question session in the House of Commons this morning called to discuss Trump’s retweets.

Early on Wednesday he retweeted three videos shared by Jayda Fransen, the deputy leader of Britain First. She has been convicted in the U.K. of religiously aggravated harassment and faces additional charges for a speech she gave in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Known for spreading anti-Muslim propaganda in the U.K. and posting Islamophobic videos, Britain First — a small, fringe group — holds protests and “Christian patrols” through London neighborhoods. The three videos Trump retweeted weren’t posted sequentially, meaning he likely scrolled through Fransen’s timeline and picked them out.

He tweeted all three without verifying the content and without providing any commentary or context.

Asked about the videos Wednesday, White House press secretary Sarah Sanders defended Trump, saying, “Whether it’s a real video, the threat is real, and that is what the president is talking about. That’s what the president is focused on, is dealing with those real threats, and those are real, no matter how you’re looking at it.”

Across the pond, the backlash was swift. May released a short statement Wednesday saying, “It was wrong for the president to do this.”

But Trump doubled down hours later, chastising the United States’ closest ally publicly.

He wrote on Twitter, “Don’t focus on me, focus on the destructive Radical Islamic Terrorism that is taking place within the United Kingdom.”

He initially used the wrong Twitter handle for May and later deleted the tweet and corrected it. For several minutes, someone by the name of Theresa Scrivener, with six followers and nine tweets, was unwittingly thrust into the spotlight.

May’s office struck back this morning. “The prime minister’s record, both as prime minister and home secretary, points to her … [focus on terrorism],” her spokesman told ABC News.

He added, “It is clear that over her time as home secretary and as prime minister and in the wake of the tragic events over the summer, the prime minister is fully focused on dealing with extremism,” referring to a string of terrorist attacks in the U.K. this year.

But many British politicians immediately called for May to rescind her invitation to Trump. London Mayor Sadiq Khan released a statement saying, “President Trump yesterday used Twitter to promote a vile, extremist group that exists solely to sow division and hatred in our country.”

“I have previously called on Theresa May to cancel her ill-judged offer of a state visit to President Trump. After his latest incident, it is increasingly clear that any official visit at all from President Trump to Britain would not be welcomed.”

Communities Secretary Sajid Javid echoed Khan, saying Trump’s tweets “endorsed the views of a vile, hate-filled racist organisation.”

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson tweeted that Britain First has “no place” in British society.

Bone, the Conservative member of Parliament who suggested that May get Trump to delete his Twitter account, said, “One of the advantages of having such a special relationship with the United States is when a friend tells you you’ve done something dreadfully wrong, you tend to listen.”

U.K. Home Secretary Amber Rudd responded to Bone, saying, “We all listen more carefully, perhaps, to criticism from our friends than from people who we don’t have a relationship with … It’s interesting to note my honorable friend’s advice regarding Twitter accounts. I’m sure many of us might share his view.”

Rudd echoed May’s statement, saying this morning, “President Donald Trump was wrong to retweet videos posted by the far-right group Britain First.”

She called the tweets “full of hate” and “wholly unwelcome” but reminded Parliament of the special relationship with the United States.

Labour Party MP David Lammy weighed in to say Trump is “promoting a fascist, racist, extremist hate group” — a view held by the majority of those who took the floor today.

Naz Shah, also a Labour Party MP, said, “No modern American president has promoted inflammatory content of this sort from an extremist organization. Not only has the commander-in-tweet done this, he has defended it, publicly chastising the British prime minister for her comments.”

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Jury: Mexican man not guilty in San Francisco pier killing

Jury: Mexican man not guilty in San Francisco pier killing

A jury on Thursday found a Mexican man not guilty in the killing of a woman on a San Francisco pier that touched off a fierce national immigration debate two years ago, rejecting possible charges ranging from involuntary manslaughter to first-degree murder.

The shooting of Kate Steinle came during the presidential primary campaign in 2015 and was used by then-candidate Donald Trump to push for a wall on the Mexican border.

“From Day 1 this case was used as a means to foment hate, to foment division and to foment a program of mass deportation. It was used to catapult a presidency along that philosophy of hate of others,” defense attorney Francisco Ugarte said after the verdict. “I believe today is a day of vindication for the rest of immigrants.”

Jose Ines Garcia Zarate had been deported five times and was wanted for a sixth deportation when Steinle was fatally shot in the back while walking with her father on the pier.

The case spotlighted San Francisco’s “sanctuary city” policy, which limits local officials from cooperating with U.S. immigration authorities.

Politics, however, did not come up in the month-long trial that featured extensive testimony from ballistics experts. Defense attorneys argued that Garcia Zarate was a hapless homeless man who killed Steinle in a freak accident. Prosecutors said he meant to shoot and kill her.

Garcia Zarate did not deny shooting Steinle and said it was an accident.

Jurors did find him guilty of being a felon in possession of a firearm, meaning he knowingly had a firearm but there was no intent for him to hurt or shoot anyone. Public Defender Jeff Adachi said the count carries a potential sentence of 16 months to three years behind bars.

“The verdict that came in today was not the one we were hoping for,” said Alex Bastian, a spokesman for the San Francisco prosecutor’s office. “The jury came back with the verdict they did, and we will respect that decision. … This is really about the Steinle family. They showed incredible resolve during this whole process.”

Jim Steinle told the San Francisco Chronicle the family was saddened and shocked by the verdict.

“There’s no other way you can coin it. Justice was rendered, but it was not served,” he said in what he called the last interview he would do about the case.

The family did not attend the reading of the verdict. Jurors left without comment and the judge sealed their names.

Before the shooting, Garcia Zarate finished a federal prison sentence for illegal re-entry into the United States and had been transferred to San Francisco’s jail in March 2015 to face a 20-year-old charge for selling marijuana.

The sheriff’s department released him a few days later after prosecutors dropped the marijuana charge, despite a request from federal immigration officials to detain him for deportation.

The Trump administration has sought to punish sanctuary cities through a series of legal actions, including an executive order to withhold funding, but a federal judge recently blocked it in a lawsuit from two California counties, San Francisco and Santa Clara. The administration has appealed.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions said in a statement Thursday that San Francisco’s decision to release Garcia Zarate led to Steinle’s death.

“The Department of Justice will continue to ensure that all jurisdictions place the safety and security of their communities above the convenience of criminal aliens,” Sessions said. “I urge the leaders of the nation’s communities to reflect on the outcome of this case and consider carefully the harm they are doing to their citizens by refusing to cooperate with federal law enforcement officers.”

Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

San Francisco Deputy District Attorney Diana Garcia said during the trial that she didn’t know why Garcia Zarate fired the weapon, but he created a risk of death by bringing the firearm to the pier and twirling around on a chair for at least 20 minutes before he fired.

“He did kill someone. He took the life of a young, vibrant, beautiful, cherished woman by the name of Kate Steinle,” she said.

Defense attorney Matt Gonzalez said in his closing argument that he knows it’s difficult to believe Garcia Zarate found an object that turned out to be a weapon, which fired when he picked it up.

But he told jurors that Garcia Zarate had no motivation to kill Steinle and that as awful as her death was, “nothing you do is going to fix that.”

The bullet ricocheted on the pier’s concrete walkway and fatally struck Steinle in the back.

The gun was stolen from the SUV of a U.S. Bureau of Land Management ranger that was parked in San Francisco. The city has been plagued by an epidemic of car burglaries in recent years.

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Genealogist: Meghan Markle descended from English king

Genealogist: Meghan Markle descended from English king

Prince Harry’s bride-to-be, Meghan Markle, may have some royal blood after all.

A U.S. researcher who specializes in finding the American descendants of British monarchs said Thursday that Markle is a direct descendant of England’s King Edward III, who ruled from 1327 until 1377. The genealogist, Gary Boyd Roberts, says she and Harry are 17th cousins.

The 36-year-old Markle will not formally be known as Princess Meghan when she marries because she is not of royal birth, though she will become Her Royal Highness Princess Henry of Wales.

Roberts is affiliated with the Boston-based New England Historic Genealogical Society, one of the world’s premier genealogical organizations.

He says Markle’s royal lineage comes through the Rev. William Skipper, who arrived in New England in 1639. He’s an ancestor of Markle’s father.

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Israeli soldier killed in ‘terror attack’

Israeli soldier killed in ‘terror attack’

A soldier has been stabbed to death in southern Israel in what police say was a suspected terror attack.

Sgt Ron Isaac Kukia, 19, was killed at a bus stop in the city of Arad on Thursday night. Security forces are searching for at least one attacker.

The attack comes amid an increase in tension, after a Palestinian was shot dead by an Israeli settler in the occupied West Bank earlier in the day.

Israel also struck the Gaza Strip in retaliation for mortar fire.

Hundreds of police and troops have been deployed around Arad and roadblocks have been set up in the hunt for suspects.

Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said the “main direction of the investigation is that it is most probably a terrorist attack”.

Some 50 Israelis and five foreign nationals have been killed since late 2015 in a series of gun, knife, and car-ramming attacks, predominantly by Palestinians or Israeli Arabs.

Around 300 Palestinians have also been killed in that period. Most were assailants, Israel says, while others were killed in clashes with troops.

Cross-border fire

Thursday night’s attack came hours after Israeli tank-fire and air strikes struck militant positions inside the Gaza Strip in response to mortar fire across the border into Israel.

At least 10 mortars landed, without causing casualties. Three Palestinians were lightly hurt by an air strike south of Gaza City, Palestinian sources in Gaza said.

Israel said it targeted sites belonging to the militant Islamist movements Hamas and Islamic Jihad. An Israeli military spokesman indicated that Islamic Jihad was suspected of being behind the mortar fire, though no group has said it was responsible.

The mortar attacks came one month after 12 Islamic Jihad militants were killed when the Israeli military destroyed a tunnel they had dug under the border into Israel.

Islamic Jihad threatened at the time to take revenge for the deaths.

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UN appeals for record $22.5bn aid for 2018

UN appeals for record $22.5bn aid for 2018

The United Nations has appealed for a record $22.5bn (£17bn) in humanitarian aid for 2018.

The global aid appeal aims to raise funds to help 91 million of the world’s most vulnerable people, out of 136 million in need, a UN statement said.

More than $10bn is needed to address the humanitarian crises in Syria and Yemen alone, it added.

The UN also said needs are rising substantially in a number of African countries.

Driven by conflicts in Africa and the Middle East, the number of people in need of humanitarian aid has increased by more than 5%, according to UN co-ordinator Mark Lowcock.

The targeted fund is a 1% increase on the amount requested last year. By the end of November, the agency had raised nearly $13bn – which the UN says is record levels of funding.

More than a third of the fund requested is to address the needs created by the devastating civil war in Syria: $3.5bn to provide humanitarian aid inside the war-ravaged country and $4.2bn to help the 5.4m registered Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries.

In Yemen, which is facing the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, the UN says $2.5bn is needed to assist those most desperately in need.

The UN has acknowledged they aim to cover the needs of only half of the 20 million people in Yemen who are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Eleven million of those are children and 400,000 are affected by severe acute malnutrition.

Each of Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan are in need of more than a billion dollars of aid to assist the most vulnerable.

The UN statement also said that in some other countries, including Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Iraq, Mali, and Ukraine, humanitarian needs have declined.

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UN seeks urgent Syria medical evacuations

UN seeks urgent Syria medical evacuations

The UN’s humanitarian co-ordinator for Syria says 500 people with urgent medical needs must be evacuated from a besieged rebel-held area near Damascus.

Jan Egeland said there had been nine deaths so far among those waiting for permission to leave the Eastern Ghouta.

Dozens of civilians are also reported to have been killed in recent air and artillery attacks by government forces, though a ceasefire is now in place.

Food shortages have meanwhile led to many cases of severe malnutrition.

The appeal came as government and opposition delegations arrived at a UN complex in Geneva for the latest round of talks aimed at finding a political solution to the civil war, which has left more than 340,000 people dead since 2011.

UN envoy Staffan de Mistura said he believed the moment was right now for real progress, and that he might encourage the two sides to meet face-to-face.

The UN has been trying for weeks to arrange medical evacuations in the Eastern Ghouta, where towns and villages have been under siege since 2013.

But Mr Egeland said the government had not given permission to move any of them out, and that nine civilians on its list had died in the past few weeks while waiting.

He said Russia and Iran, the Syrian government’s main allies, and the US and France, which are among the opposition’s supporters, had offered to help with the “humanitarian emergency”.

“It would be incredible if they cannot deliver a simple evacuation of mainly women and children, a 40-minute drive to Damascus city,” he said. “We’re ready, we’re willing to go. We can handle the security. We have all of the tools available. We need a green light.”

Mr Egeland also noted that the acute malnutrition rate among children trapped in the Eastern Ghouta was 11.9% – five or six times what was reported in January, and the highest so far recorded in the country since the civil war began.

Limited electricity, fuel, safe drinking-water and basic sanitation services are increasing the risk of outbreaks of diarrheal diseases.

Joint UN and Syrian Red Crescent aid convoys have only been able to deliver enough food and medical supplies for 68,000 of the 400,000 civilians trapped there over the past two months.

That is despite the Eastern Ghouta being designated as a “de-escalation zone” earlier this year by Russia, Iran and Turkey, which supports the opposition.

“In general there is no de-escalation zone. There is only escalation in this de-escalation zone,” Mr Egeland said. “That has ended in Eastern Ghouta except for [a pause of] two days only, there has been a massive loss of civilian life, hundreds have been wounded.”

On Tuesday, the UN announced that the Syrian government had agreed to a proposal for a ceasefire in the area after two weeks of heavy bombardment.

Mr Egeland said the UN needed “sustained calm” to reach all of those in need.

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US to withdraw 400 Marines from Syria

US to withdraw 400 Marines from Syria

More than 400 US Marines are to leave Syria after helping to capture the city of Raqqa from so-called Islamic State.

Marine units have been deployed since March to provide artillery support to an alliance of Syrian Kurdish and Arab fighters battling the jihadist group.

The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) declared victory in Raqqa last month.

The US-led coalition against IS said the withdrawal of the Marine artillery battery was a “sign of real progress”.

“We’re drawing down combat forces where it makes sense, but still continuing our efforts to help Syrian and Iraqi partners maintain security,” Brig-Gen Jonathan Braga, the director of operations for the coalition, said in a statement.

BBC defence correspondent Jonathan Marcus says the Marine artillery battery was the most significant combat element deployed by the Americans on the ground, bolstering the impact of US and coalition air power.

With IS as a territorial entity largely defeated there is no longer any need for the battery, our correspondent adds. Thus its departure marks the end of a significant phase in the battle against IS.

On Monday, the Pentagon said there 503 military personnel in Syria.

However, the figure was far short of the 1,723 – including 618 Marines – listed in the most recent quarterly report by the Defense Manpower Data Center.

Most of the US troops in Syria are stationed in northern areas controlled by the SDF, whose fighters are currently advancing through Deir al-Zour province.

Last week, the Pentagon said it was reviewing “adjustments” in military support it gave to partners inside Syria. They include the SDF, which is led by a Kurdish militia known as the People’s Protection Units (YPG).

Turkey says US President Donald Trump has promised to stop supplying arms to the YPG, which Ankara considers an extension of the banned Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which is fighting for Kurdish autonomy in Turkey.

However, this has neither been confirmed nor denied by Washington.

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Anger at Nazi gas chamber naked tag video

Anger at Nazi gas chamber naked tag video

Holocaust survivor groups have asked the Polish president to explain how artists were able to film a naked game of tag inside a Nazi camp gas chamber.

The film shows men and women running around laughing at the former Stutthof camp, where 65,000 people were killed.

Game of Tag, shot in 1999 by Artur Żmijewski, was exhibited in Krakow in 2015 despite Israeli objections.

But the filming location was not known until this year, following a visit by the British Royal Family.

Experts compared footage from the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s visit to Stutthof and its gas chamber with the Polish video.

In their letter, groups including the Simon Wiesenthal Center, which investigates Nazi war criminals, and the Center Organization of Holocaust Survivors in Israel asked President Andrzej Duda if Mr Żmijewski had had permission to make the film and whether there were rules of conduct at Stutthof.

They also said that “no comment or word of critique was heard from Polish official sources regarding the video” and asked President Duda to “clearly, properly condemn this so-called artwork”.

“It’s really outrageous. I hope the Polish president will put in place regulations to make sure stuff like this doesn’t happen again,” the Wiesenthal Center’s chief Nazi hunter Efraim Zuroff told the BBC.

“It was banned in Germany, Estonia took it down when we contacted them. In Poland for some reason, which lost six million people – three million Jews and three million Poles – they didn’t get it,” he added.

Jerusalem-based lawyer David Schonberg first noticed that Mr Żmijewski’s video was shot in Stutthof after noticing that footage from William and Catherine’s visit in July showed the same stains on the walls, ledge along one side, plughole in the centre and doors at each end.

Experts at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem confirmed the finding.

Mr Schonberg told the BBC that more important than the video itself was the “apparent indifference” to it in Poland.

“This is a problem that needs to be addressed. If people are not sufficiently sensitive to the terrible acts of the Holocaust and do not respect its victims then proper conduct in the sites in Poland cannot be properly secured,” he said.

“This also requires proper scrutiny of these sites and making sure that objectionable materials that are so insensitive to the memory of the Holocaust will not be brought on public display.”

Mr Schonberg said the video’s reception in Poland was particularly hard to understand as the majority of those who died at Stutthof were Polish non-Jews.

The 2015 Krakow exhibition, Poland-Israel-Germany – The experience of Auschwitz, was sponsored by the Israeli embassy, which then called for part of the video to be removed after Jewish groups protested. But the Krakow Art Museum said it should be shown because it was a matter of freedom of expression.

A description of Mr Żmijewski on the Warsaw Art Museum’s website states that the people in the video are having fun, “but they are also very serious. They know where they are – in the gas chamber of a former Nazi extermination camp”.

The Baltic death camp where thousands perished

  • Stutthof was the first Nazi camp set up outside German borders, established in September 1939
  • It was originally used for the imprisonment of the “undesirable Polish elements”
  • By 1942 it had become a concentration camp and grew to include 39 sub-camps which housed 110,000 men, women and children over its five years
  • Some 65,000 inmates – including 28,000 Jews – were killed by lethal injection, gas chamber, shooting and hanging, as well as disease and malnutrition
  • Stutthof was the last camp to be liberated – on 9 May 1945 by the Soviet Army

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